Over the last 120 or so years, cars have (understandably) been subjected to numerous design revamps. Here is a guide on how car safety features have changed over the years…
The first electric headlamps were introduced in 1898 on the Columbia Electric Car from the Electric Vehicle Company, and were optional. The short life of filaments in the harsh automotive environment, and the difficulty of producing dynamos effective enough prevented the widespread use of these first headlamps.
1903- The first windscreen wipers were hand operated. Inventor Mary Anderson is credited with creating the first operational windshield wiper in 1903. It was operated via a lever from inside the car.
1926 – Bosch invented the first electric windscreen wipers in 1926. Bosch now has the world’s biggest windscreen wiper factory, located in Tienen, Belgium, which produces 350,000 wiper blades every day!
1996 – In 1996, Cadillac invented the first rain-sensing wipers!
In 1930, safety glass became standard on all Ford cars.
Until the use of crash-test dummies in the 1940s, manufacturers would use cadavers and live animals (such as pigs) when testing cars. In 1949″Sierra Sam” was created by Samuel W. Alderson at the Alderson Research Labs with the intention of being used to test aircraft ejection seats, aviation helmets and pilot restraint harnesses. The dummies have been used in car tests ever since.
1951 – German engineer Walter Linderer patented the airbag. Linderer’s airbag was released by bumper contact or by the driver. Research in the 1960s revealed that compressed air could not inflate Linderer’s airbag fast enough for maximum safety, and it was ruled an impractical system. 1964 saw a Japanese inventor improve the system.
1952 – The crumple zone was invented by engineer Béla Barényi for Mercedez-Benz. Barényi questioned the assumption that a safe car had to be rigid. He divided the car body into three sections: the rigid non-deforming passenger compartment and the crumple zones in the front and the rear.
1958 – Anti-lock braking systems were tested in the Royal Enfield Super Meteor motorbike.
1959 – 3 point seatbelts became the standard, after being first featured in Volvos.
1996 – Mercedes invent the brake assist system.
1998 – The first blind spot warning system was installed in Volvos and gas inflated airbags became mandatory in all American cars.
2010 – Volvo created a pedestrian detection system, which automatically brakes a car whenever someone steps out in front of it.
Google’s driver-less cars were made legal in Nevada, USA in 2012, yet Google are still attempting to lobby for driver-less car laws! They also wish to collaborate, regarding their self-driving technology, with companies such as Audi and Lexus.
Here at Awards Driving School, we are dedicated to nurturing and guiding our clients towards becoming extremely safe, accomplished and confident drivers. If you are looking for driving lessons in Leicester please do not hesitate to contact us for more information!